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IB Physics SL+HL (Two Years) (2018-2019*) *year 1 of 2

**8/17**

- Informational Packet /
__Syllabus__

**8/21**

- An introduction to the mathematical modeling of simple motion, including the concepts of average speed and Cartesian coordinates for recording direction
- Homework - Read (and solve all problems in) Chapter 1 of Perrone's book

____**8/23**

- Graph the motion of a toy car and make sense of the trendline; draw and interpret various position and velocity graphs

**8/27**

- Define acceleration and derive the kinematic equations
- Analyze accelerated motion data in a
__spreadsheet__ - Homework - Read pp. 27-38 in the Oxford book (pay close attention to the Worked examples)

**8/29**

- Quiz
- Graph the accelerated motion in the spreadsheet above; interpret the trendlines
- Practice interpreting trendlines and using the extracted (velocity and acceleration) information to interpolate and extrapolate (
__file 1__,__file 2__) - Homework - complete interpolation and extrapolation practice problems

**8/31**

- Review the writings of Aristotle and Galileo on the nature of falling objects (and the existence of
*void*) - Practice solving motion
__problems__ - Homework - complete the 10 Kinematics Problems (
__partial key__) and read pp.5-13 in Perrone's book, Chapters 3 & 4; you don't need to solve problems in the book

**9/5**

- Discuss
__uncertainties in measurement__ - Conduct laboratory investigation in which we determine the rate of gravitational acceleration
- Homework - read Section 1.2 in the Oxford book;
__install__Logger Pro

**9/7**

- Linearize data (
__spreadsheet__) - Complete data collection and analysis for free fall lab
- Homework - type up the Exploration portion of the lab; try to linearize the data (6th pd) and find the min and max gradients (both 5th and 6th pds); the video above helps with the mins and maxes; 6th pd - linearization is explained in
__this video__(watch from 3:00 to 5:50), what she does to charge, you should do to time

**9/11**

- Complete the free fall lab
- Practice interpreting motion data
- Homework - the finished lab is due Thursday the 13th at midnight; submit it using turnitin.com

**9/13**

**turn in the lab using turnitin.com (by midnight)**- Analyze the motion of a tossed ball using a motion detector and Logger Pro (
__instructions__) ~~Analyze motion with Algodoo (~~__instructions__) -- you can download Algodoo from the school's Software Center or find it free__online__- Homework -
__answers__to 4 practice problems on wall

**9/17**

**test over material to date**- Homework - read pp. 39-43 in the Oxford book and sections 3.2.1, 3.2.3, 3.3.4 and 4.5 (no practice problems) in my book (Chps 3-4) (read for comprehension)

**9/19**

- Discuss relative motion and its relevance to projectile motion
- Model projectile motion

**9/21**

__Practice__solving projectile motion problems (__key__)- Homework - Study (2D) projectiles in more detail
__here__; also complete the problems on page 49 in my book (Chapter 4) - Study
__this animation__of a launched projectile

**9/25**

__Analyze__the motion of an Angry Bird; is it on Earth?- Analyze projectile motion graphs
- Study (1D) free fall in more detail
__here__ - Homework - complete the
__packet__of projectile "nTIPERs"

**9/27**

- quiz over free fall and projectile motion
- Homework - read all of Section 5.1 in your new booklet
- Pay for the field trip!

**10/1**

- discussion of the Laws of Nature (
__PowerPoint__) - Homework - read Section 5.2 and do Section 5.3 in my book

**10/3**

- Scientific Laws and What They Say:
__read me__ - Review Newton's 1st and 2nd Laws
- Discover the various types of forces that operate in our world (follow this
__guide__and answer questions in your class notebook) - Homework - complete the handout in which you explain something about graphs, and read the short essay, Scientific Laws and What They Say

**10/5**

- Laboratory
__investigation__of Newton's Second Law (using Method 2) - Homework - read and take notes on pp. 44-51 in the Oxford book, and read pp. 21-30 in my book (do the included practice problems)

**10/12**

- complete data analysis for the Second Law lab
- practice drawing free-body diagrams
- Homework - read pp. 58-60 in the Oxford book (in preparation for indoor skydiving); read pp. 31-45 in my book

**10/16**

**Field trip to iFLY!**

****

**10/18**

- discuss what we need to do to fix our lab data; the lab will then be due Sunday at midnight through turnitin.com
- discuss the gravitational force and weightlessness
- draw and label free-body diagrams
- Homework - complete and turn in the lab; finish the hand-drawn
__handout__; do pp. 45-56 in my book (read as needed, solve all problems)

**10/22**

- practice drawing free-body diagrams, then working out (quantitatively) the forces upon and acceleration of an object

**10/24**

- model a box hanging from two wires; review for the quiz

**10/26**

- quiz over free-body diagrams and working out (quantitatively) the forces upon and acceleration of an object
- Homework - complete handout; read pp.63-64 in my book

**10/30**

- review the homework; discuss Newton's 3rd Law of motion
- Homework - read pp. 62-64 in the
**Oxford book**

**11/1**

__design a lab__to measure the coefficients of friction between two materials; due~~Sunday~~Monday night through turnitin.com- define work and energy and discuss their relationship
- Homework - complete the "design a lab" activity by Monday night; read section 4-1 and the paragraph around equation 4.3 and section 4.3 in the blue "Conservation of Energy" packet, which was written by Richard Feynman; read 4-4 if you want to

**11/6**

- complete two assignments: a data analysis problem from an IB paper and the "
__Dynamics Problems__" - Homework - complete the aforementioned assignments

**11/8**

- test
- Homework - finish up the two assignments from 11/6; use your Oxford book, section 1.2, as reference for the IB paper problems

**11/12**

- relate work to kinetic energy
- calculate work (and change in kinetic energy) from a force-position graph
- Homework - review the
__answer key__for the Dynamics Problems; complete the handout on force-position graphs and the stapled__packet__(minus the last piece of paper)

**11/14**

- 5th pd: review the data analysis problems from the IB paper (first assigned on 11/6)
- discuss (gravitational) potential energy
- solve problems involving potential energy, kinetic energy, and work from friction or other sources
- Homework - finish the (nTIPERs)
__packet__; do the three__hill problems__; review for the quiz - Answer Keys: nTIPERs
__packet__;__handout__on force-position graphs

**11/16**

- short quiz (3 questions, one of which is from the
__Dynamics Problems__) - practice solving energy
__problems__(answer__key__)

____

**Coming Up:** A few days after returning from Thanksgiving break, I will assign "the mousetrap car project", in which you will need to design and build a small car powered by a single mousetrap. The project also includes a video recording of you explaining the physics behind the car's operation. Stay tuned! They're pretty fun to build and race! [__project details__] - __video help__

Lab Report Format

finding the minimum and maximum gradients

with Logger Pro

Practice matching motion to graphs with __this interactive__.

**Apollo 15 (1971)**

**And I'm free, free fallin'**

help with reading projectile motion graphs

iFLY indoor skydiving

click on me

You may not want to click __here__. You could find yourself lost for hours or days. Swimming in a sea of fascinating ideas. You could lose track of time. You might also begin to understand time.

M.C. Escher's Waterfall

**11/27**

- discuss
__elastic potential energy__and energy conversions in a swinging pendulum - elastic potential energy
__problems__ __energy questions__(due, for a grade, on Dec 3; turn in typed responses)- Homework - read about propagation of uncertainty (pp. 12-14) in your Oxford book and complete this
__handout__; also complete the elastic potential energy problems

**11/29**

__determine__the coefficient of kinetic friction in the lab using energy analysis, with a particular focus on uncertainties and propagation of uncertainty- review homework
- define and
__calculate__power, or rate of energy transfer - the Mousetrap Car
__Project__is to be completed at home and turned in Dec 17 (the car should be brought to class and the video should be submitted__here__) - Homework - complete the
__energy questions__; also complete the power worksheet and the IB free fall problem

**12/3**

- define momentum and impulse; calculate impulse from a force-time graph (
__practice__) - Homework - complete the impulse-momentum worksheet (
__key__)

**12/5**

- use the principle of momentum conservation to model two-body collisions and explosions
- Homework - complete the momentum practice
__problems__(__key__) and these IB momentum__problems__; read pp. 73-79 in your Oxford book

**12/7**

- Conservation of Momentum
__lab__(due 12/13 on turnitin.com)

**12/11**

- quiz on impulse and momentum and uncertainty calculations
- Homework - read pp. 80-86 in your Oxford book

**12/13**

- discussion of internal (thermal) energy (
__PowerPoint__) - the Conservation of Momentum lab is due through turnitin.com

**12/17**

- test the mousetrap cars (the video is due and must be submitted
__here__) - create a concept map for Unit 2 (
__assignment__)

**12/19**

- review for midterm (pp.87-90, omit 13.a, and pp.24-26 #7-9,13-15)
- Homework - complete the review in your textbook
__answer key__for pp.87-90; #6: T_{1}and T_{2}are switched- I also want you to review the feedback on your momentum labs

**12/22**

- midterm

**1/9**

__calendar__for Spring Semester (*subject to change)- review of thermal concepts
- Homework - complete the worksheet; read Unit 3.2 in your book

**1/11**

- review the homework; discuss pressure
- Boyle's Law Lab
- Homework - complete the
__worksheet__and watch__video1__and__video2__

**1/15**

- solve thermal physics problems, including Ideal Gas Law problems
- measure the efficiency of a microwave oven
__answer key__for book problems- Homework - complete the problems on pages 113-114 and read the handout on the First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics

**1/17**

**1/22**

2.4 Momentum

Unit One-Page Overviews

1.1 Measurements in physics

1.2 Uncertainties and errors

1.3 Vectors and scalars

2.1 Motion

2.2 Forces

2.3 Work, Energy, and Power

Japan:

Because where else can you find 40 different flavors of Kit Kat? __https://nyti.ms/2Apc0EI__

internal energy

Unit One-Page Overviews

3.1 Thermal Concepts

3.2 Modelling a gas

entropy

6.1 Circular Motion

Tokyo

Kyoto

**Enroll in the trip of a lifetime! Join the IB Senior Trip to Japan in the Summer of 2020. An informational meeting for parents (and students) will be held January 30th at 6 pm in room 1403. RSVP, please.**

**[1/24**

- analyze circular motion (horizontally and vertically); distinguish between centripetal and centrifugal force
- Homework - read Unit 6.1 and complete the
__worksheet__on circular motion

**1/28**

- model satellite motion (
__handout__) - discuss artificial gravity
- Homework - complete handout/packet (
__answer key__)

**1/30**

- quiz on circular motion

**2/1**

- introduction to simple harmonic motion; begin big Oscillations packet
- Homework - complete Oscillations packet [
__answer key__] and read Unit 4.1

**2/5**

4.1 Oscillations

4.2 Travelling Waves

**right: **this video shows how a wave is comprised of out-of-phase particles, each exhibiting SHM

**left:** click on the image to open an online simulation of a **ripple tank**; use the simulation to study wave behavior, including **reflection**, **refraction **and **diffraction**

Simple

Harmonic

Motion

**2/7**

- derive the equations for the period of a mass-spring system and pendulum; derive the equation for the energy in an oscillating system
- IB oscillation practice problems
- Homework - complete practice problems, complete Pendulum Lab, and read Unit 4.2

**2/11**

- discuss the properties of waves (
__notes sheet__with problems) - observe the properties of waves with a Slinky
- the Pendulum lab is due through turnitin.com
- Homework - read Unit 4.2, if you haven't already

**2/13**

- quiz on simple harmonic motion and basic properties of a wave
- Homework - watch the video on EM waves
__here__and examine this__photo__ - you need to start working on your IA research topic; think about it, do some online research -
**you must submit your topic to me no later than Feb 22; the IA Exploration rough draft is due**~~Feb 28~~Mar 4

**2/15**

__EM waves__||__Polarization__||__Malus's Law__- 3Blue1Brown
__video__||__LCD screens__use polarized light - polarization (Malus's Law) practice problems (
__key__) - Homework - read pp. 135-137 in your book; corrections to the graphing, data analysis and uncertainty calculations portions of your Pendulum Lab must be completed and submitted by 2/22

from a 3Blue1Brown video

Old army __video__ on the workings of AM and FM radio.

Polarizing filter fun pic.twitter.com/wr16SxliSr

— Grant Sanderson (@3blue1brown) February 13, 2019

**2/20**

- ACT testing

**2/22**

- discuss wave behavior (reflection, refraction, total internal reflection)
- experimentally test
__Snell's Law__ - IA topics are due; corrections to your pendulum lab are due -- both through turnitin.com
- Homework - complete these
__problems__, mostly on refraction; use your textbook and Google as reference (but don't just look up answers) -- #4 and #7 use the concept of critical angle, which you can read about on p. 150

**2/26**

- review Snell's law, critical angle and total internal reflection; discuss wave superposition (5th only)
- total internal reflection (TIR) in fiber optic cables (
__video__) - the physics of
__mirages__ - the physics of rainbows (
__presentation__,__simulation__) - Homework - read pp. 137-140 and 152-153, then complete practice problems on superposition and polarization

**2/28**

- discuss and explore wave interference and the particular interference pattern created by single-slit diffraction: IB
__problems__; laboratory__investigation__ - online simulations: wave
__superposition__, single-slit__interference pattern__, geometry of the__setup__ __multi-slit interference pattern__- your IA Exploration rough draft is due
~~today~~March 4th through Turnitin.com - Homework - read unit 9.2 and this
__webpage__; watch this__video__; finish the packet of single-slit IB problems

**3/4**

- model and observe double-slit interference patterns
- laboratory
__investigation__of diffraction grating interference pattern - Homework - read unit 9.3; review for test:
__test topics__

**3/6**

- SAT testing

**3/8**

**NOTE**: grade category weighting is changing for this 6-weeks to: 25% test, %50 quizzes/IA/full_labs, %25 class activities/homework- test over polarization, reflection, refraction, TIR, superposition, and single- and double-slit interference patterns
- Homework - review IA feedback; memorize EM categories and wavelength ranges on pages 132-3 of your book;
**read and take notes**on Unit 9.3 Interference, and copy down the Worked Examples

**3/12**

- review thin film interference
- discuss anti reflective coatings ||
__webpage__||__webpage__ __video__on radio signal propagation- Homework - read Unit 9.4 Resolution and complete the packet of IB problems; I encourage you to look over the linked videos and webpages

**Note: There will be a mandatory PIT meeting on Wed 3/13, in the cafeteria, to discuss the Group 4 Project. The Project itself will be completed during the day on March 29th. -- Bring back a signed permission slip!**

**3/14**

- [TOK student field trip]
- Homework - you don't have to do anything over Spring Break, but your IA Exploration Final Draft is due March 28th

**3/26**

- explore the phenomenon of
__standing waves__||__visualization__||__visualization2__ - answer
__key__for Thin Films packet

**3/28**

- continue study of standing waves and solve related IB problems
- The Physics of Musical Instruments (
__chapter__from How Everything Works: Making Physics out of the Ordinary, by Louis Bloomfield) - Homework - complete the Standing Waves packet; the chapter on music above is an interesting read, if you have the time
- turn in your IA Exploration Final Draft through turnitin.com by midnight; over April 9-17, you will have class time to carry out the IA and begin work on the Analysis; the Analysis is due in rough draft form on April 23

And __here__ is an overview of some basic properties of sound: pitch, loudness, & timbre ... and a nice overview of __timbre__ on YouTube

**3/29 [Friday]**

**Group 4 Project**- field trip to Emma Long Metropolitan Park

**4/1**

- discuss the Doppler Effect ||
__simulation1__||__simulation2__||__video__ - solve related problems
- understanding
__Doppler weather radar__ - understanding
__Doppler ultrasound__(to measure blood flow)

**4/3**

- review material since last test

**4/5**

- test over the categories of EM waves, thin film interference, resolution, standing waves and harmonics, and the Doppler effect

**4/9**

- class time to work on your IA

**4/11**

- class time to work on your IA

**4/15**

- class time to work on your IA

**4/17**

- class time to work on your IA

?

(Michio Kaku was wrong.)

Unit One-Page Overviews

4.3 Wave Characteristics

4.4 Wave Behavior

Spring Break Spring Break Spring Break Spring Break Spring Break Spring Break Spring Break

The world's first image of a black hole was made public on April 10, 2019.

"In science-speak, the shadow cast by the M87 black hole is around 40 microarcseconds wide when viewed from the Earth. An arcsecond is 1/3600th of a degree. And there are 1 million microarcseconds in an arcsecond. Again: The shadow cast by the black hole is tiny. Compared to the full moon, the shadow cast by the M87 black hole is 46.5 million times smaller. Taking a picture of the shadow cast by a supermassive black hole is like taking a photo of a quarter in Los Angeles all the way from Washington, DC."

-quoted from a VOX __article__, by Brian Resnick

EVENT HORIZON TELESCOPE COLLABORATION

**4/23**

- we begin our unit on Astrophysics; we explore the inhabitants of our universe and the properties of a "black body"
- Astronomers rely heavily on the CCD.
__Why? And what is it?__ - homework - complete p.1-8 in the big Astrophysics packet

**4/25**

- stellar parallax activity
- homework - complete the big Astrophysics packet (excluding 2d)
- your IA Analysis rough draft is due by Friday (4/26) midnight on turnitin.com

**4/29**

__Dynamic equilibrium__in a star.- answer these
__questions__ - watch these videos...

- homework - ...then read this
__webpage__

**5/1**

**create a display**that explains two techniques for measuring the distance to stars- What size telescope is needed to resolve a Black Hole?
__Work it out.__ - discuss Cepheid variables ("standard candles") ||
__video__||__website__

**5/3**

- quiz over the astrophysics material we've covered

**5/7 - no class**

**5/9**

- the
__Lives of Stars__; the__Space Book__ __Evolution of a Star__; fill-in-the-blank__notes__on stellar evolution- homework - I want a final draft of your IA Analysis, and a rough draft of your conclusion (Evaluation), by 5/13

**Learn more astrophysics on your own!**

We will be meeting at UT on the evening of May 1st, at 8:30, for a star viewing party. Meet outside the RLM Bldg, but if you can't find us, just go inside and head up to the roof. See this __website__. (And bring a parent along!) NO GO - cancelled by UT

Proxima Centauri is 4 light years away. Ambitious space mission Breakthrough Starshot is developing a way to push spacecraft there at a fifth of the speed of light.

Read about it in this NewScientist __article__ (13 April 2019)!

Proxima Centauri

Illustration by Sam Chivers

Stellar Evolution

Credit: SETI Institute

Click on me!

**5/13**

- begin lecture on cosmology
- solve IB problems on stellar evolution, the H-R diagram and the mass-luminosity relationship for main-sequence stars
- homework - complete problems 1 and 2 in the Astro D2 packet

**5/15**

- continue
__lecture__on cosmology and finish Astro D2 packet __article__: "Gravitational Waves Could Solve Hubble Constant Conundrum"- a NASA
__website__on the Big Bang and related topics - homework - complete problems 3 and 4 in the Astro D2 packet

**5/17**

- finish lecture on cosmology; discuss the size and shape of the universe
- you won't understand it all, but this
__video__will teach you a bit about dark energy

**5/21**

- solve some cosmology problems

**5/23**

- quiz over stellar evolution and cosmology

**5/28**

- your finalized IA is due through turnitin.com

Credit: NASA / WMAP Science Team

The image reveals 13.77 billion year old temperature fluctuations (shown as color differences) that correspond to the seeds that grew to become the galaxies.

Credit: NASA / WMAP Science Team